Michelle Drager, a certified People Skills Instructor, is a popular, engaging presenter who will share tools and techniques that can be immediately applied in the office. Michelle will help managers expertly tap into their employee’s diverse assets and reduce discourse from “generation gaps,” personality differences and conflicting communication styles. Michelle has fifteen years in educational training and facilitation in a variety of sectors including hospitality, retail and financial services. She is vice president, employee development manager at West Coast Bank. She has done extensive work in coaching and team building, leadership, sales, communication, technology, and customer service training. Learn how to better manage everyone from your Generation Y’s to your Baby Boomers at the Wednesday, November 9, Thurston County Chamber Forum. Facebook0Tweet0Pin0Managing Diverse Ages & PersonalitiesGen X, Gen Z, Baby Boomers…Managing them all simultaneously can be tricky! The program begins at 11:30am at Saint Martin’s Worthington Center and includes lunch. General admission is $30 and prepaid Chamber members are $20. Members at the door are $25. Reservations are requested at 360.357.3362 or www.ThurstonChamber.com.
The cap on grandstand ticket sales is caused by the number of available seats. Said Montague: “Limited space is our greatest problem, and expansion is impossible at this point.” Opened in 1962 to host the Central American and Caribbean Games, the National Stadium has a grandstand that seats 5,000 patrons. ISSA’s Champs chairperson said that improvements in gate management are afoot. “On the Saturday afternoon (last year), we unfortunately had a breakdown because we had ticket holders and non-ticket holders in the same place, so that is something we will avoid this year,” she said. The big event is set for the National Stadium from March 15 to 19. The Inter-secondary Schools Sports Association (ISSA), governing body of high school sports, is reporting increased demand for National Stadium grandstand tickets from fans of the ISSA-GraceKennedy Boys and Girls’ Championships. Colleen Montague, chairperson of the ISSA committee that organises the five-day high school athletics meet, says that orders for grandstand tickets are up by as much as 300 per cent. Montague is also reporting that gate management will improve at this year’s renewal of the meet known widely as ‘Champs’. In response to a query on ticket sales for the upcoming event, Montague said, “Orders are up by about 300 per cent.” Much of the increase is apparently coming from persons who successfully ordered tickets in previous years. “They ordered one last year and they’re ordering 5-10 this year, which we’ll be unable to meet that demand,” she related, “so those requests will not be filled because we will simply be going by the numbers we had last year.” EXPANSION IMPOSSIBLE
The People’s Progressive Party (PPP) is likely to return to power in the next general and regional elections. So said a respected American academic, in a paper exploring the dynamics of Guyana’s political system.Research professor and author, Dr Evan Ellis, PhDThe paper in question is Journals of America, Third Edition, and was written by Dr Evan Ellis, PhD, a research professor and author at the Institute of Strategic Studies of the US Army War College who specialises in China and its engagements with non-Western nations.According to Dr Ellis, the PPP has been citing a number of plans for new infrastructural development, projects that are likely to be funded from oil revenues. He also noted that Chinese companies are likely to participate in some of these projects.“With the likely return of the PPP to power in 2019 elections, its leadership is talking about a new generation of infrastructure and other projects likely to be built by the Chinese and funded by the revenues from oil, including the resurrection of the Amaila Falls Hydroelectric Project and an interconnection to the Brazilian power grid,” Dr Ellis said in his journal.Ellis noted that sharp divisions have arisen leading up to elections, with the PPP heavily critical of the Government’s delay to call elections. He also warned that whatever the outcome, a large section of Guyanese will be dissatisfied, raising the prospect of violence as they lose faith in traditional democratic measures.“The PPP views the Government’s efforts to delay elections through a combination of legal challenges and obstacles generated by what they view as a purely partisan electoral commission (GECOM) as an attempt to short-circuit the nation’s democratic process and the will of the majority, as they contend the PNC did repeatedly in the past.”“Moreover, as the conflict escalates, neighbouring Venezuela could take advantage of internal disorder to pursue its territorial claim, as many Guyanese perceive it tried to do in December 2018 with the attempted intercept of the Ramform Tethys.”He also delved into the area of internal security, noting that the Guyana Police Force (GPF) is undermined by internal corruption and woefully underfunded. Dr Ellis described the minimum pay of a police officer, some $60,000 a month, as “half that of the next worst-paid police department in the Caribbean.”“As a consequence, the GPF does not attract the most capable members of society to be part of its organisation, and Police personnel are readily tempted to engage in bribe-taking just to survive. GPF members are also frequently poorly equipped, sometimes delaying their responses to serious crimes because of the non-availability of Police cars. A number of GDF facilities are literally falling down from disrepair.”Dr Ellis acknowledged that Guyana benefits from European Union (EU) funds that go towards improving Police training, equipment, and infrastructure. He cited the Citizen Security Strengthening Programme (CSSP).“Through CSSP, approximately 20 per cent of Guyanese Police Stations have been refurbished, although the conditions of those that remain is, in some cases, appalling,” Dr Ellis noted in his journal.Ellis then went on to speak about the Special Organised Crime Unit (SOCU), which he described as controversial. He noted that while SOCU was originally formed to conduct investigations of persons flagged by the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), the Unit has been criticised for focusing its investigations almost entirely on senior PPP-affiliated functionaries of the previous Government. He noted that to date, this focus has produced no criminal convictions.“Those more sympathetic to SOCU would say the focus was driven by the involvement of the members of that Government in corruption, and that the reason for the lack of convictions has been the inability or unwillingness of the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) chambers to take cases forward.”“As with the Guyana Defence Force (GDF), the GPF has interactions with the Chinese. Most prominently in November 2017, when the PRC donated US$2.6 million in vehicles and other equipment including 56 pick-up trucks, 44 motorcycles, 35 all-terrain vehicles, and 5 buses, helping the GPF to compensate for its severe shortage of vehicles. Nonetheless, several of these cars have been lost to accidents since their arrival, including one just a day after being donated,” Dr Ellis said.
Click on the video above to see the fantastic preview video of Burtonport fighter Joseph Duffy making his highly anticipated return to Cage Warriors at The Helix, Dublin on August 16th. All eyes are on Duffy as he makes his return after a three-year sabbatical away from the sport. Duffy has claimed notable scalps in the form of Norman Parke and Conor McGregor and has an impressive record of 10-1.UFC fight fans are delighted to see Duffy back and are hoping he makes a big impact at The Helix next month.Hundreds of Donegal supporters are expected to make their way to The Helix to support the popular fighter as he makes his long awaited return to the sport. DDTV: WATCH VIDEO PREVIEW OF DONEGAL FIGHTER SET TO RETURN TO CAGE WARRIORS NEXT MONTH was last modified: July 25th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Cage WarriorsDDTVJoseph DuffynewsSportUFC
The deadline for applications for Donegal’s vacant manager’s job has been set at October 17th.Jim McGuinnessA committee, which includes county board chairman Sean Dunnion and treasurer Cieran Kelly, has been set up to select Jim McGuinness’ successorA number of names have already been linked with the vacant post which McGuinness held for the past four years. They include McGuiness’ former number two Rory Gallagher, former Tyrone star Peter Cavanan and minor boss Declan Bonner.It is understood the county board are keen to appoint a successor as soon as possible with speculation that the post will be filled by the end of October. DEADLINE SET FOR APPLICATIONS FOR VACANT DONEGAL MANAGER’S JOB was last modified: October 7th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalGAAJim McGuinnessjob
A special programme on the soldiers from Donegal and Derry who fought and died in WW1 will be broadcast on RTE 1 this Monday evening.The programme, presented by Mary Kennedy will focus on Raphoe as a microcosm of the effect the War had on towns, villages and parishes in Donegal and across Ireland.A total of 42 men, Catholic and Protestant from this one small town alone never returned home. For those who did survive life was extremely difficult , many had been seriously injured and unable to work again others shell shocked while those from a Catholic background were shunned within their own community. Families mourned relatives in silence behind closed doors. In the programme Raphoe twins, Etta and Gertie Logan recall their mother telling them about the trees in the Diamond in Raphoe planted in memory of their two uncles.“We bought poppies every year but as Catholics we didn’t dare wear them out. But that has changed, we are both very proud to say we had uncles who died in WW1.”Curator at Donegal County Museum Judith McCarthy talks about the great resource available in the county in the Donegal Book of Honour. “It lists all the soldiers from this county who died, parish by parish and their family background which is invaluable to our research of WW1.Journalist Mary Harte made a discovery of her own while making the programme after an appeal on Highland Radio for a picture of a Donegal soldier. The picture of 21 year old Henry Taylor from Lifford, had hung in a cottage belonging to Henry’s brother. It was a conversation about that picture that lead former TD Paddy Harte to the Commonwealth War Graves in 1996 that resulted in the Island of Ireland Peace Park at Messines in Flanders.“I found the derelict cottage and was told by a neigbhour that all the contents had been removed by a niece after it was sold. My appeal on Highland led me to Belfast and the niece of Henry Taylor.She had a box in the attic with the picture and all his letters home from the front , his medals, uniform buttons and sadly the certificate of this death in France two months before the war ended. The annual Remembrance Service at Dunree Fort also features in the programme.In Derry, reporter Helen Mark hears the stories of those from the Protestant Fountain Estate and from the nationalist Bogside who died in the Great War . She meets those who have been working towards a cross community Remembrance Service at the War Memorial in the Diamond.RTE 1 Nationwide 7.00pm Monday 10th November. RTE TV SHOW TO FEATURE DONEGAL SOLDIERS OF WORLD WAR 1 was last modified: November 7th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalRTEsoldiers
Birds live and birds die, but they have a hard time following Darwin’s dictum to evolve or perish.A new species of bullfinch that humans drove extinct has been found in the crater of a volcano in the Azores, reports Science Daily. This beautiful bird, with its distinctive feather patterns of a black mask over the eyes on a beige-colored face, is no more. Another lost species, reported by New Scientist, is the black “mega-swan” that humans drove extinct on New Zealand. We know extinction all too well, but can Darwinian evolution give rise to birds from pre-birds? Can a scaly reptile grow feathers and take flight through a series of genetic mutations?Grounding is not evolution. Charles Darwin used his theory to explain flightless birds, like the pitiful flightless cormorant on the Galapagos Islands, but loss of function cannot be encouraging to evolutionists. No corporation wants to show all expenses and no income. Phys.org quips, “Discovery of why emus are grounded takes flight.” Funny, but sad. Some flightless birds are successful in their niche despite being grounded. Researchers at Monash University, the article says, compared emu genes to chicken genes. They found one gene that “is turned on during the development of wings in emu embryos, but not in chickens or other birds, leading to greatly reduced wings.” The study “may have application to humans born with limb abnormalities.” Darwin is not smiling.Instinct is not evolution. “Music can be a powerful form of expression,” begins a cheery article in Science Daily. “It’s especially important for songbirds such as zebra finches, which learn the songs of their fathers in order to court mates.” The article, “How songbirds teach themselves songs,” focuses on research by a physics prof and by “Bence Ölveczky, a professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard University.” The professor may believe in evolution, but does his work on how finches learn their songs provide evidence for evolution? His colleague weighs in on that, but only re-breathes the same Darwin air (cf. DIDO in the Darwin Dictionary) as he speculates about possibilities for futureware:“Over eons, structures in the brain have adapted to each other to produce function,” he said. “I suspect it’s just the case that brain areas are adapted to send messages to each other in ways that make themselves work well. I think it’s a new handle or lever for investigation to think about that: How a tutor area of the brain should structure its signals so that a student area can profit from the signal as best as possible given its constraints and its learning rule.”Siberian Jays. Credit: Fabrizio MogliaCooperation is not evolution: It is not evidence to assert a belief. Phys.org asks, “How did bird babysitting co-ops evolve?” The question should remove the “How” and ask,”Did bird babysitting evolve?” Otherwise, it is another statement of circular reasoning (DIDO), re-breathing Darwin air by assuming, “If something exists, it evolved.” This article is adorned with a lovely picture of Siberian jays with wing feathers outstretched as they exercise good parenting skills. But deeper down, we see that standard Darwinism has a serious problem with explaining the observations. Some urgent theory rescue is required:The common understanding of evolution is that it is a battle for survival: one must either “scrunch or be scrunched,” as Nicodemus Boffin, the Dickens’ character, famously says.So it is intriguing that many birds will forgo reproduction to assist other birds in the care and protection of young. Cooperative breeding, as this behavior is called, is an apparent evolutionary paradox since helpers seem to be acting in ways that increase the fitness of others at their own cost.To the rescue! Further down in the article, we find numerous controversial attempts to save Darwinian theory from the evidence. But it gets worse, because now evolutionists have to explain two things: the origin of family groups as a prerequisite, followed by the origin of cooperative breeding. “Their analysis showed that direct transitions from non-family living to cooperative breeding are indeed exceedingly rare, and that the evolution of family living is most likely a precondition for the evolution of cooperative breeding in most birds.” Why not save a step and say that birds come fully equipped with cooperative breeding installed and ready to use? What’s Darwin got to do with it?Have these birds been misclassified as dinosurs?: Look what Live Science says about a new fossil they insist on labeling as a dinosaur: “A Chinese farmer has discovered the remains of a dinosaur that could have passed for the ostrich-like cassowary in its day, sporting the flightless bird’s head crest and long thunder thighs, indicating it could run quickly, just like its modern-day lookalike, a new study finds.” Maybe it’s time to re-assess what evolutionists are calling these ‘oviraptorosaur’ (egg-stealing hunter lizard) dinosaurs. “The newfound dinosaur’s 6-inch-tall (15 centimeters) head crest is uncannily similar to the cassowary’s headpiece, known as a casque, the researchers said.” Just because it is bigger than living cassowaries doesn’t mean it is a different kind of animal. Reporter Laura Geggel notes that the crests on some duck-billed dinosaurs is different from the crest on this oviraptorosaur. It seems to have more in common with the cassowaries alive today than with dinosaurs.Abrupt appearance is not evolution. Helen Briggs at the BBC News re-uses a common Darwinian boilerplate theme for her headline, “Fossil sheds light on bird evolution after asteroid strike.” Trouble is, from the artist’s drawing, it looks like a very modern bird that dates from 62.5 million Darwin Years ago. By all appearances, it was a sparrow-like tree dweller most people would not be surprised to find in their gardens. “The fossil of a tiny bird that lived 62 million years ago confirms that birds evolved very rapidly after the asteroid strike that wiped out the dinosaurs.” That’s merely a restatement of Darwinian assumptions, like re-breathing the same air. Does she or any of the evolutionary scientists she relies on point to specific mutations acted on by natural selection? Does she identify any transitional sequences? No, and no. The empirical data present a gallery of fully-functional, unique, beautiful birds, like owls, woodpeckers and sparrows.Here’s what Daniel J. Field says about this particular sparrow-like fossil in PNAS. Watch for any actual evidence of natural selection innovating something by chance mutations. (Saying ‘it exists, therefore it evolved’ is not evidence.)In fact, Tsidiiyazhi’s broad evolutionary implications are far from obvious from a casual glance at its broken and incomplete skeleton.Attempts to correlate the geological time scale with important events early in modern bird evolutionary history are often controversial.Tsidiiyazhi’s age implies not only that the lineage leading to mousebirds had diverged from its closest living relatives by 62.5 Ma but also that a host of other deep divergences within the neoavian tree of life had taken place by this early time as well.The evolutionary insights yielded by Tsidiiyazhi do not end there, however; this discovery also enhances our understanding of the biogeographic history of mousebirds and is part of a broader evolutionary picture. ….we may gain insight into how bird biogeography may evolve in response to our planet’s current climatic trajectory.Ksepka et al. confirm the presence of this flexible foot condition in Tsidiiyazhi, illustrating that this specialization evolved early in mousebird evolutionary history.Surprisingly, however, they illustrate that such “semizygodactyly,” although present in several living neoavian families, including owls and the Madagascan endemic courol, likely evolved independently in these different groups.This inference is only supported in analyses that incorporate fossil information, providing another example of the potential for fossils to reveal unforeseen complexity in the evolutionary history of birds.Despite the largely uniform structure of living mousebirds, the fossil record reveals a surprising menagerie of highly divergent stem group forms, suggesting a considerable amount of ecological experimentation throughout their evolutionary history.It is true that Tsidiiyazhi represents only a single data point, and future refinements of the avian evolutionary time scale, models of biogeographic change, and anatomical evolution must await additional fossil discoveries.However, the question of why the early Cenozoic avian fossil record is so poor is one that is in need of attention.The value of tiny Tsidiiyazhi is underscored considering this general lack of evolutionary information from such an important stage in the history of bird life.One hopes that the discovery of this little morning bird will usher in the dawn of a new phase of fossil bird discoveries from the early Paleocene that will help to clarify the earliest stages of bird life in the Cenozoic. Our understanding of the origin of modern birds, as well as our understanding of Earth’s recovery from the devastation of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, will depend on it. That’s about all Field has to say about evolution from this highly pro-Darwin article. Clearly, he relies more on vaporware, futureware, circular reasoning, proof by assertion, and a high perhapsimaybecouldness index than empirical evidence. Would a Darwin skeptic find this article convincing?Come to Creation-Evolution Headlines for the very best in Darwin entertainment! It’s like watching Tough Mudder with all fails and no finalists! (Visited 493 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Revellers at Chinese New Yearcelebrations in Johannesburg. (Image:Emily Venter, City of Johannesburg) A dragon dance at a spring festival held inJohannesburg in early 2008.(Image: Xinhua Photo, Show China)Janine ErasmusSouth African Chinese are jubilant after the Pretoria high court ruled in June 2008 that they may benefit fully from the country’s black empowerment and employment equity legislation. The landmark ruling applies to South African citizens who are of Chinese descent, and it means that South African Chinese are now to be reclassified as black.The Chinese Association of South Africa (Casa) fought for eight years to obtain clarification on its status from the government, eventually taking the matter to court in December 2007. In the legal battle they were assisted by veteran human rights advocate George Bizos and constitutional law advocate Alfred Cockrell.Black economic empowerment (BEE), passed into South African law in 2003, is a controversial programme aimed at reversing the bias of apartheid, which saw the country’s economic wealth concentrated in the hands of the white minority. BEE has come under much criticism since its enactment because it is seen to largely benefit another minority, the new black elite.BEE applies to black, coloured and Indian South Africans and because Chinese were classified as coloured during apartheid, it was understood that they too would qualify for benefits. However, said the campaigners, since 1994 the Chinese community had been perceived as white and were therefore excluded.According to the association’s attorney George van Niekerk, Casa wrote letters to the ministers of labour, justice and trade and industry in June 2007, seeking clarification. The ministers at first asked for time to consider the matter and later declined to respond, saying they were not ready.Going the legal routeCasa was left with no choice but to take the matter to court. “As government was unable – in the course of eight years – to provide a definitive answer as to the community’s status, we had no other option,” said Casa chair Patrick Chong.Casa wished to prove to the court that South African Chinese were also disadvantaged under the previous dispensation and therefore had a right to benefit from the new black empowerment laws. This does not apply to immigrant Chinese, who currently outnumber local Chinese 10 to one, according to the association.The three government departments consulted previously were named as respondents in the case brought by Casa. However, none of them rendered any opposition and Judge Cynthia Pretorius ruled in favour of the applicant, awarding Casa the costs as well.Chong was overjoyed about the judgment, adding that the local Chinese community would use its “newfound freedom” to help create more job opportunities for all South Africans.“Finally we also now belong to South Africa as Chinese South Africans,” he said. “Today I am more proud than ever before to be a South African. I am proud of my heritage, but I was born in South Africa, got my education here and work here. South Africa is our country, where we also now have a future. Despite the fact that our children can go and work anywhere in the world, they prefer to remain in South Africa and contribute to the country’s economic development.”Van Niekerk commented that justice had been served for Chinese South Africans.African connectionThe Chinese community in South Africa traces its roots back to the late 19th century, when Chinese migrant workers came to work on the gold mines in Johannesburg. The community now numbers around 200 000, according to the latest estimates.Although many Chinese were repatriated, a number remained, mainly in Johannesburg and Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape, and over the years many more came to take up residence in South Africa. During apartheid the government maintained diplomatic ties with Taiwan but not with mainland China. This created confusion among South African immigration officials because mainland Chinese were considered non-white but Taiwanese Chinese along with Japanese were honorary whites.Those Chinese resident in South Africa were classified as coloured when the Population Registration Act was introduced in 1950 to classify people according to their racial characteristics. This was because the Act catered for three main race groups – white, black and coloured – and Chinese people, according to the Act, were clearly neither the first nor the second.Under this notorious piece of legislation Chinese South Africans were excluded from voting and using public facilities in the same way black people were. They were also subject to the Group Areas Act of 1950, which assigned race groups to specific residential areas.In 1984 the Group Areas Act was amended and Chinese were deemed exempt from the residential restrictions imposed on coloured people – but they were still deprived of an official classification and found themselves in a cultural limbo.Both acts were repealed when democracy was established in 1994, but even after that the Chinese community was subject to discrimination of a different kind, as it was viewed as “white” and therefore unable to benefit from business contracts, share offers and other opportunities extended to black South Africans.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Janine Erasmus at email@example.com. Useful linksBroad-based Black Economic Empowerment ActBlack Empowerment NewsChinese Association of South Africa
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Agri-tourism offers added value to farmers and landowners in the way of hunting leases. A private lease can ensure the landowner knows who has access to their land during hunting season and helps curb pressure from others.“The best deal for the landowner is that they’re going to get some money for basically supporting the wildlife through habitat and feed,” said Dan Burden, program coordinator for the Iowa State University extension. “The added benefit is that with the amount of pressure, it ends up being such a hassle for many landowners that they just don’t let anyone on their property. Unfortunately, they are losing out on some revenue that way and some good relationships with people that would help look over their ground.”Burden says having a lease could allow farmers and landowners to turn away the flocks hunters who want to hunt on their ground. There are different ways to start the process. Advertising in a publication or putting up a notice at a local sportsmen’s club are ways to take a do-it-yourself approach. The other avenue would to be to go through some sort of a broker.Another suggestion is for farmers stick to a one-year lease to not be locked in with anyone that could turn out to be a bad apple. As for landowners renting their farmland, Burden has more advice.“I would strongly suggest they landowners in those cases make sure that any hunting or fishing on that same property is not part of the farming lease agreement and kept separate,” Burden said. “What you can do if you are a landowner is to have separate leases for different types of hunting.”When you come into those types of lease agreements, Burden says talk to your client to see how interested they are in helping to make improvements to your land. There might be someone you don’t want to charge as much or at all, because they are willing to do a great deal of work on your property.If a landowner wants a more hands-on approach, Burden says they should make another consideration into agrotourism. An example of this would be clay target ranges and archery ranges.More information can be found online, at the Ag Marketing Resource Center’s website.
Make sure the dishwasher has energy-saving wash cycles. The ability to select different wash cycles depending on how dirty the dishes are may save water and energy. It is common to have “light wash,” “normal,” and either “pots and pans” or “heavy wash” cycles. If possible, avoid installing the dishwasher next to the refrigerator, as waste heat from the dishwasher will make your refrigerator compressor work harder. Look for the soil sensing feature. “Soil sensor” technology, available on more advanced dishwashers, automatically adjusts the water consumption according to how soiled the dishes are. Less water and energy are used for a load of relatively clean dishes. It often surprises people to learn that with today’s water-conserving dishwashers and typical practices for hand-washing, properly filled automated dishwashers use less water and energy. If you wash dishes by hand and leave the water running when washing or rinsing, hand-washing almost certainly uses more water. Even if you try to be miserly and use plastic tubs for wash water and rinse water, you may well be using more than the most efficient of today’s dishwashers, a few of which use less than four gallons for a full wash and rinse cycle.About 60% of the energy used by dishwashers is to heat the water—both by the water heater in your house and through an integrated booster heater in the dishwasher. That booster heater takes the incoming hot water, say at 120 degrees F, and boosts the temperature to about 140 degrees. Dishwasher detergents need such hot water to work most effectively, and the high temperature also aids drying of dishes. Most of the other energy used in dishwashers is to operate pumps and dry dishes at the end of the final rinse cycle.If you’re buying a new dishwasher, look for an Energy Star model. For a standard-size dishwasher, federal law, as of January 2007, requires that it have an Energy Factor greater than 0.46. (The Energy Factor for dishwashers accounts for mechanical energy use, the energy for water heating, and the energy for drying; it measures the number of cycles a dishwasher can run using 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity.) To carry an Energy Star logo, a dishwasher has be have an Energy Factor of at least 0.65—41% higher than the federal minimum. Both the federal standard and Energy Star standards are scheduled to be further tightened over the next two years.Here are other recommendations when buying and installing a new dishwasher: Make sure there is a no-heat drying option. This allows you to avoid use of the energy-guzzling electric heating element at the end of the last rinse cycle for drying dishes. Whether you have a new or older dishwasher, here are some tips for using it more efficiently:Scrape dishes before loading them. Modern dishwashers do a great job, and don’t require pre-rinsing. If you insist on pre-rinsing, at least use cold water, and turn on the water only as needed.Don’t always wash dishes after a single use. In our household, we each have our own water glass and use it multiple times before washing, and I’ll sometimes reuse a plate that only had a sandwich on it.Fill the dishwasher completely. Avoid washing partial loads; wait until the dishwasher is filled before running it, even if that takes several days. You might need to buy some extra silverware or dishes if you find you operate the dishwasher only partially full because you’ve run out of clean dishes or utensils.Fill the dishwasher according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. The water spray should be able to reach all of the dishes, so you can’t pack them too tightly—but you don’t want to leave empty space either.Use energy-saving wash and dry cycles. Whenever possible use the “light wash” cycle, and you should almost always be able to use the energy-saving “no heat dry” setting. At home, we almost always use the “no heat dry” setting. Partially opening the dishwasher door after the rinse cycle will speed up air-drying.Turn down your central water heater temperature—probably. If you currently have your water heater set to “high”—about 140 degrees F—it usually makes sense to turn it down to about 120 degrees. With your water heater set at a lower temperature, the dishwasher will boost the temperature to about 140 degrees. If you heat your water very inexpensively, however, such as with a wood boiler during the winter, keeping the temperature setting higher so that the dishwasher’s electric booster heater isn’t needed may make sense, since electricity is more expensive than wood heat.For more on dishwashers, the Consumer Guide to Home Energy Savings, published by the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), is a handy resource. The 9th edition of this book should be available at the library, through a local book store, or at www.aceee.org.