The Canadian PressWINNIPEG – Rookie politician and Indigenous author Wab Kinew is the new leader of the Manitoba NDP who members hope will lead them back to power.Party members elected Kinew over veteran cabinet minister Steve Ashton as the province’s official Opposition leader in a vote of 728 to 253.Kinew, who is 35, went into Saturday’s vote with majority support among delegates elected in the province’s 57 constituencies who cast ballots at Saturday’s leadership convention.“It’s a new day for the NDP and it’s a new day for Manitoba,” Kinew declared to cheers following the vote. “This is a tremendous honour.”“I will take this role tremendously seriously and conduct myself with the greatest honour, integrity and honesty.”Kinew also went into the vote facing controversy over domestic violence charges that were stayed by the Crown in 2004 and only recently revealed.The complainant in that case, Tara Hart, went public this week and told The Canadian Press Kinew “flung” her across a room in the apartment they shared, which caused her to suffer severe rug burns.Kinew said he never hit or threw Hart.Kinew has also been convicted of assaulting a taxi driver and impaired driving _ decade-old offences for which he recently received pardons.“I am not the man I was,” Kinew told delegates before the vote with his wife, Lisa Monkman by his side.“To my two sons … be better than me. Be good men.”His only opponent, Ashton, had been using the revelations to try to swing delegates to his side up until the vote. He said Kinew’s history would make it harder for him to lead the Opposition New Democrats into the next election, slated for October 2020.“If Wab Kinew is elected leader, we run the risk of the next election being about Wab Kinew,” Ashton’s campaign team wrote in an email to party members this week.But Ashton did not criticize Kinew during his 30-minute speech before votes were cast Saturday. He focused his attention on Premier Brian Pallister’s Tories, who were elected last year.“Brian, if you’re actually watching … take a look around because we’re going to make you the next one-term Conservative premier,” Ashton said as he criticized Tory cuts to health care, changes to labour laws and a wage freeze being imposed on public-sector workers.But Ashton carried political baggage of his own.This was Ashton’s third run at the party leadership – the 61-year-old ran unsuccessfully for leader in 2009 and 2015 and lost his legislature seat in last year’s election.He was criticized by the provincial ombudsman for trying to circumvent normal contracting rules to buy flood-proofing equipment from a supplier who was a family friend and campaign donor.The ombudsman said civil servants were pressured in 2014 to not allow other companies to bid for the contract, an idea that was quashed by the Treasury Board.Political observers say Kinew’s victory gives the governing Progressive Conservatives a lot of fodder for attack ads. Kinew weathered some controversy in the last election over his criminal history, as well as social media posts, and homophobic and misogynistic rap lyrics.The New Democrats are choosing a replacement for former premier Greg Selinger, who stepped down after the party lost last year’s election to the Progressive Conservatives and saw 17 years in power come to an end.The NDP currently holds 13 of the 57 legislature seats.“I will carry forward the very important role of uniting the Manitoba NDP,” Kinew told the crowd.
A contingent of Jordanian peacekeepers began yesterday’s operation in Cité Soleil, a low-income neighbourhood of Port-au-Prince, with the help of 14 armoured vehicles, as well as trucks, tractors and water tankers. Peacekeepers from Ecuador and Chile later helped out.A UN spokesman in New York said the peacekeepers will maintain a visible presence in Cité Soleil to try to deter violence in a neighbourhood long wracked by crime, particularly involving armed gangs, and poverty.The MINUSTAH troops removed large piles of rubbish that have been obstructing road traffic and presenting a health threat to residents. They also distributed food and water to locals.
The Arizona Cardinals continue to get no respect. Despite an NFC best 11-3 record, Las Vegas has them as eight-point underdogs, at home, against the Seattle Seahawks on Sunday. Similarly, our rankings, which are derived from point spreads, have the Cardinals pegged as just the 19th best team in the NFL. Their “generic points favored”1Generic points favored is what you would expect a team to be favored by against a league average opponent on a neutral field. is essentially zero.The Cardinals are, quite literally, average.Of course, this is largely a reflection of the Cardinals’ starting quarterback situation. Because of injuries to Carson Palmer and backup Drew Stanton, Arizona will start Ryan Lindley against the Seahawks defense. If Lindley and the Cardinals pull off the upset, power rankings, point spreads and “respect” become meaningless, at least when it comes to playoff positioning. A win for Arizona would not only clinch the NFC West title, it would also guarantee it the top seed in the NFC and home-field advantage throughout the playoffs.A loss keeps the Green Bay Packers in contention for the top seed. Their opponent this week, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, are in no hurry to win: As you can see in the table above, we’re simulating each team’s chances of getting the top pick in the NFL draft. The Buccaneers are in the lead.With their decisive Monday night victory over the Chicago Bears, the New Orleans Saints re-established themselves as the front-runner in the NFC South. They host the Atlanta Falcons this week in a game that is truly a must-win for Atlanta. A loss would eliminate the Falcons from the playoff race. Although not quite a must-win for New Orleans, the Saints’ chances of winning the division and making the playoffs would drop to 11 percent with a loss to the Falcons. The Carolina Panthers can also afford to lose this week, but a loss to the Cleveland Browns would drop their playoff chances to just 3 percent.As it stands, the probability that the NFC South winner finishes with a losing record is slightly better than 50 percent. And there is about a 1 percent chance that Carolina will win the division with a 6-9-1 record. As if that wasn’t unfair enough, the NFC South winner may also find themselves with a favorable draw in the first round of the playoffs. If Arizona loses this week, they will most likely finish as the fifth seed and face the fourth-seed NFC South winner in the wild card round. The third seed plays the sixth seed in the first round, and that sixth seed would probably be a much tougher opponent than the fifth seed. In the event of an Arizona loss, the most likely sixth-seed teams would be the Detroit Lions, Packers or Dallas Cowboys, all of whom place higher in our rankings than the Cardinals.While all four divisional races are undecided in the NFC, in the AFC, only the North remains up in the air. But with three teams still vying for the AFC North title, and an additional five teams in the wild card race, things are far from settled in the conference. The Miami Dolphins are clinging to a 0.2 percent playoff probability going into Week 16 and will need a lot of help to make it to the postseason. The best case scenario for every team is included in the graphic below, which also includes “top pick” chances for the teams lousy enough to have a shot. The game between the Kansas City Chiefs and Pittsburgh Steelers will have a bigger impact on the Dolphins’ playoff chances than Miami’s game against the Minnesota Vikings. The Cincinnati Bengals and the Baltimore Ravens playoff chances actually improve with a Steelers victory over the Chiefs; this despite the fact that they are battling the Steelers for the division title. With 143 percent of playoff “swing” at stake, the Chiefs-Steelers game figures to be one of the most important matchups this week.At the top of the AFC, the picture is relatively certain. The New England Patriots and the Denver Broncos are virtual locks for the top two seeds and byes in the first round. The Indianapolis Colts’ fate as a third or fourth seed was effectively sealed in Week 11 with their loss to the Patriots. In the NFC, there are still five teams in contention for both the top seed and the bye week. As we mentioned above, a victory would guarantee the Cardinals the top seed. But a loss would drop their top-seed probability to just 7 percent — a swing of 93 percent.CORRECTION (Dec. 18, 9:23 a.m.): The initial version of the “Which Teams To Root For In Week 16” graphic included three instances where a game in one conference (e.g. a matchup between two NFC teams) affected the playoff odds of a team in the opposite conference. These effects are not statistically meaningful and have been removed.CORRECTION (Dec. 20, 2:13 p.m.): Because of a programming error, this analysis miscalculated the outcomes of “head-to-head sweep” tiebreakers involving multiple teams. This miscalculation had a large effect on the race for the top two NFC seeds and a smaller effect on the AFC wild card race. The interactives, tables and text have been updated.
ONE OF THE two men arrested over the death 21-year-old Jason Saunders in Dublin has been released without charge.The 25-year-old man was arrested at about midday yesterday and was being held at Blanchardstown garda station until he was released this afternoon.Gardaí say that a file is to be prepared for the Director of Public Prosecutions.Saunders was found outside the Cabra House Pub on Fassaugh Avenue at about 7:40 am yesterday after suffering what were described as serious injuries to his upper body.He was taken to Mater Hospital where he was pronounced dead about an hour later.Gardaí recovered a golf club not far from where his body was found which has been taken away for analysis.A second 23-year-old man also held in connection with the killing remains in custody at Finglas Garda Station.Read: Two men arrested after death of man found outside Dublin pub >
Considered by many to be the most ambitious cultural project outside Greece, the Greek Cultural Centre will make all of us proud of our heritage. The Cultural Centre will be located at the corner of Lonsdale & Russell Street and construction of the 15 storey building has already commenced. The centre will be the new ‘home’ of the Greek community and will feature a contemporary research centre, performance spaces, meeting and seminar facilities as well as exhibition spaces that will present the history of Australian Greek culture, language and heritage to the residents of Melbourne. During the Festival weekend a Radiothon will be held in conjunction with 3XY seeking your contribution and assistance towards the realization of the new Cultural Centre. Every donation helps towards building, so call 9662 2722 this weekend to ensure that you too are part of this unique project. Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Twitter Impact announces tickets remain for this weekend’s End of Summer Tour in California Facebook Google+ Ronda Rousey WWE Confirms The Shield And Ronda Rousey At Super Show-Down “The Fiend” Bray Wyatt being advertised for Title Match at Hell In A Cell PPV Braun Strowman Still Not Cleared For Match WWE taped the following last night in Sacramento for next week’s RAW.WWE RAW taping results for December 24, 2018:* Elias def. Bobby Lashley in a Miracle on 34th Street Fight match. After the match, Elias poured eggnog all over Lio Rush.* Bobby Roode and Chad Gable def. The Revival to retain the RAW Tag Team Championships.* Finn Balor def. Drew McIntyre and Dolph Ziggler in a triple threat match. Balor pinned Ziggler after a Coup De Grace. McIntyre tried to attack Balor after the match, but Ziggler took him out instead.* Sasha Banks, Bayley and Ember Moon def. Alicia Fox, Dana Brooke and Mickie James. After the match, The Riott Squad ran out and attacked Banks, Bayley and Moon.* Paul Heyman cut a promo to talk about WWE Universal Champion Brock Lesnar. He sang a holiday song until Braun Strowan interrupted. Strowman promised to beat Lesnar for the Universal Championship at the Royal Rumble.* Ronda Rousey def. Natalya to retain the RAW Women’s Championship. Rousey forced Natalya to tap to the armbar.* Heath Slater def. Jinder Mahal via DQ. The Singh Brothers interfered. Rhyno, dressed as Santa, ran out and hit a Gore on Mahal.* Seth Rollins def. Baron Corbin.Source: F4WOnlineRecommended videosPowered by AnyClipWWE Confirms The Shield And Ronda Rousey At Super Show-DownVideo Player is loading.Play VideoPauseUnmuteDuration 0:32/Current Time 0:03Loaded: 100.00%0:03Remaining Time -0:29 FullscreenUp NextThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Replay the list Now Playing Up Next Drew Mcintyre Pinterest Now Playing Up Next Impact offers Military Personnel free entry to this weekend’s California events Videos Articles Adam Martin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Now Playing Up Next Brock Lesnar Takes WWE Universal Championship Videos Articles WWE’s Kevin Owens Scheduled For Surgery Now Playing Up Next Now Playing Up Next Will Bobby Lashley Finally Face Brock Lesnar? Videos Articles Nikki Bella WhatsApp
Vancouver police say an officer was assaulted when suspects believed to be involved in a grocery store theft Sunday night rammed a police vehicle.Officers were called to the store near Mill Plain Boulevard and Andresen Road around 9:10 p.m. Initial details gathered there indicated the suspects drove to an apartment building in the 2900 block of General Anderson Road.As officers were approaching the apartments, the suspects’ vehicle intentionally rammed a police car and then sped off, police said.“The suspect vehicle continued fleeing into Oregon, where local jurisdiction officers and deputies took over,” VPD said in a release. The suspects were arrested in Oregon, the release said.The Clackamas County Sheriff’s Office reported that the pursuit ended on Interstate 5 near Stafford Road. Officers reportedly used a pursuit technique to push the fleeing vehicle off of the road.
Alan Soles’ interest in Pez dispensers began small. He was perusing a garage sale when one of the plastic candy containers caught his eye. It reminded him of his childhood, and it was only 25 cents. “Twenty-five years later, I have 450,” Soles said of his Pez dispenser collection. It was on public display for the first time Saturday and Sunday at the Clark County Antique and Collectible Show. “They’re just so fun,” the 56-year-old Portland resident added.Familiarity oozed from the lit-up display cases that featured Soles’ colorful dispensers. Characters from “Star Wars,” “Winnie the Pooh” and “The Wizard of Oz” topped several dispensers. Others featured Disney princesses, the face of Elvis Presley and even the GEICO gecko. “I had a lot of these, too, I remember,” Vancouver resident Donna Crawley said Sunday as she approached the Pez display cases.Soles’ collection is part of a hot trend among collectors right now: pop-culture nostalgia pieces for baby boomers, said Christine Palmer, the antique and collectible show’s manager. Other popular pieces include decorative items, such as furniture, prints and period lighting, estate and costume jewelry, and antique tobacco-related products, also called tobacciana. The antique and collectible show, which featured 400 booths, attracted an estimated 6,200 people to the Clark County Events Center at the Fairgrounds, Palmer said Sunday afternoon. The show also travels to Portland and Puyallup.
Mercer is to acquire global employee benefits and employee engagement software provider Thomsons Online Benefits.The acquisition aims to bring together Mercer’s consulting and broking services with Thomsons Online Benefits’ employee benefits technology.The terms of the agreement have not been disclosed.Julio Portalatin (pictured), president and chief executive officer at Mercer, said: “The combination of Thomsons’ Darwin technology with Mercer aligns to the growing demand from multinational employers to offer a common yet locally tailored employee benefits platform that delivers the latest in creative engagement, modern design, analytic insights and administrative efficiency and support.“The acquisition also drives future growth in local markets across the world where Thomsons and Mercer are already well established by putting technology at the heart of addressing employer and employee needs.”Michael Whitfield, chief executive officer at Thomsons Online Benefits, added: “The acquisition by Mercer will provide our clients with world class broking and consulting, wherever they need it, as well as offering the ability to continue to work with Thomsons as an agnostic technology solution. It further allows us to scale the development of Darwin faster globally, as well as locally.“I am also delighted about the career and personal development opportunities that this move offers to Thomsons’ employees all over the world.”
This commercial fishing announcement also reduces the open fishing time for set gillnets fromtwelve hours to six hours per day, or from 7:00 a.m. until 1:00 p.m., in that portion of the GeneralSubdistrict of the Northern District east of the Susitna River, including Fire Island, on Thursday. Kenai River Late-Run King Management Plan states that if the projected late- run large king salmon escapement is less than 13,500 fish, the department shall close the commercial set gillnet fishery in the Upper Subdistrict. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The Department of Fish and Game announced on Tuesday the closure of set gillnetting in the Upper Subdistrict for the 2019 season. Commercial fishing with drift gillnets will be restricted to Drift Gillnet Areas 3 and 4 of the CentralDistrict from 7:00 a.m. until 7:00 p.m. on Thursday. By regulation, all drift gillnet regular Monday and Thursday fishing periods beginning on Monday, August 19, are open in Drift Gillnet Areas 3 and 4 only. As of August 12, Kenai River late-run large king salmon passage was estimated to be 11,013 fish and projected a final escapement of less than 13,500 fish. Based on this escapement projection, which is below the minimum Sustainable Escapement Goal (SEG) of 13,500 fish.
Sriharikota: Aimed at taking a giant leap in its space programme, India launches its second Moon mission Chandrayaan-2 onboard its heavy-lift rocket GSLV-MkIII, nicknamed Baahubali, from the spaceport here, to land a rover near the unexplored Lunar Southern Pole. The mission places the three-component spacecraft weighing 3,850 kg and comprising an orbiter, the lander and the rover on the dark side of the Moon Also Read – Apple September 2019 Event: What Apple may Launch on September 10 Advertise With Us Eleven years after its successful first Lunar mission, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launches the Rs 978-crore Chandrayan-2 onboard GSLV-MkIII on a voyage which will then take 54 days to accomplish the task of landing on the Moon through meticulously planned orbital phases. After a full-dress rehearsal last week, the countdown for the mission commenced on Sunday and scientists were involved in propellant filling, ISRO officials said. Also Read – Samsung Galaxy M30s – Price, Features and Specifications Advertise With Us Billed as the most complex and prestigious mission ever undertaken by the ISRO since its inception, Chandrayaan-2 will make India the fourth country to soft land on the lunar surface after Russia, the United States and China. Indicating the challenges involved in soft landing, which will feature a series of critical manoeuvres by scientists, ISRO Chairman K Sivan said they will undergo about “15 minutes of terror (filled moments).” After offering prayers at the hill shrine of Lord Venkateshwara at Tirumala on Saturday, Sivan said all preparations for Chandrayaan-2 were on for the launch scheduled at 2.51 am on July 15. Advertise With Us The Chandrayaan-2 has 13 payloads in total with eight of them in the orbiter, three payloads in Vikram and two in Pragyan. Five payloads are from India, three from Europe, two from the US and one from Bulgaria. A Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA) of NASA is among the payloads and is aimed at understanding dynamics of Earth’s Moon system and deriving clues on Lunar interior. President Ram Nath Kovind reached Sriharikota on Sunday to witness the launch of the Moon mission. About 16 minutes after the lift-off, the GSLV MkIII will inject Chandrayan-2 into 170 x 40400 km Earth orbit. From then onwards, the mission will witness a series of manoeuvres by scientists to carry out different phases of the mission. For the first 17 days from lift-off, the spacecraft will be in Earth-bound phase before its orbit is finally raised to over 1.05 lakh km. After that, it will be nudged into the Lunar Transfer Trajectory taking it to the proximity of Moon in the next two days. Then gradually over the next few days, it will be brought to 100 X 100 km circular orbit when the lender will separate and after another few days of orbiting it will make a soft landing at a chosen place on Lunar surface.
Migrants leave a bus at a camp in Salakovac, near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 18 May 2018. Photo: ReutersBosnia, one of Europe’s poorest countries, is so ill-equipped to cope with a surging influx of refugees that aid workers here fear the tiny nation could be on the brink of a humanitarian crisis.The impoverished Balkan country has seen a sharp rise in the number of arrivals, particularly young men hoping to cross over into the European Union via neighbouring Croatia.But with next to no cash, decrepit infrastructure and fragile institutions that are divided along ethnic lines, Bosnia is in no position to cope with the numbers.And aid workers say they are already at breaking point.”It’s exhausting. We will do our best, but we have our limits,” said Red Cross official Selam Midzic, who reckons he sees around a hundred migrants arriving here every day on buses from Sarajevo.According to Bosnia’s Minister for Security, Dragan Mektic, 5,100 illegal entries were registered in 2018. And an additional 3,300 people have been “turned back at the border” with Serbia and Montenegro.Mektic has asked the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) for one million euros ($1.2 million) to handle the crisis.But one aid worker, who asked not to be named, said the EU cash could come too late to avoid a humanitarian crisis.Red Cross official Midzic agreed.”The state simply cannot wait any longer to get involved” and handle the situation “in an organised way,” he said.- Allegations of police violence -For the past month, around one hundred volunteers have been taking care of the migrants in the northwestern town of Bihac, distributing food in the dilapidated university campus where many of them are squatting.Two weeks ago, the number of meals the volunteers prepared was 200. That number has since grown to 550.Among the migrants are families with children. But most of them are young men, stopping here before trying to cross over into Croatia.Nawab, a 26-year old Pakistani who did not want to give his last name, said he had been on the road for two years.”I will try to cross the border tonight. I will first go to Italy, once I’m there I will go to my uncle who is in Spain, in Barcelona.”According to Peter Van Der Auweraert, head of the Bosnian mission of the International Organization for Migrations (IOM), around 2,500 migrants were currently in Bosnia, which meant that many managed to cross over into the EU.Another Pakistani, 27-year-old Hamid, said he had tried three times to reach the EU, but failed.He accuses the Croatian police — an allegation frequently made by others, including NGOs — of violence.”They take our money, our telephones, or wreck them by submerging them in water.”A Bosnian police officer explained that refugees who succeeded in getting across the border used the telephones to text the details of the route to their friends following them.- ‘Getting worse’ -“The humanitarian situation is getting worse. People are exhausted when they arrive,” said IOM’s Van Der Auweraert.”It is important for the state to set up and run the accommodation.”A reception centre has been set up near Mostar in the south of the country.But the migrants are reluctant to go there because it is too far off their route for the EU.Two more reception centres are planned, near Sarajevo and between Bihac and Velika Kladusa.Nevertheless, minister Mektic is concerned that smuggling networks will quickly spring up.”Once these centres have been set up, they are surrounded by criminal groups after only two days,” he said.The smugglers demanded 1,000 euros for every person they drove to Croatia, the minister said.While the border between Bosnia and Croatia is more difficult to surveil than the one between Bosnia and Serbia, it is also more perilous, with rivers and mountainous terrain.Ihsan Udin, a 21-year-old Afghan, drowned in the Korana, the river than runs between Bosnia and Croatia, in mid-May. He was buried in Bihac on Friday.Since the beginning of the year, more than 80 migrants were killed on the “Balkans route” between Turkey and Slovenia, according to a tally made by the Doctors without Borders NGO.
Gubernatorial candidates were already making calls to Baltimore City Councilman Brandon Scott (D-2), when he connected with Jim Shea, Democratic candidate for Governor, an attorney with the Venable law firm in Baltimore and former chair of the Board of Regents for the University System of Maryland.Baltimore City Council member Brandon Scott jumped into the race for Lt. Gov Feb. 15. (Courtesy photo)The difference with Shea, according to Scott, is he not only wanted Scott’s advice on connecting with young people, he took the next step and invited Scott to serve on his ticket as Lieutenant Governor.“Jim was willing to listen, willing to learn and be that person who will be inclusive and bring everyone together, “Scott said.Scott, (33) and Shea (65) are ready to “be the change” said Scott, uniting Marylanders across generations, and re-invigorating the Governor’ race. “Our age difference won’t be our weakness, it will be our strength.”Shea and Scott join an already crowded field of seven other democrats, five of whom have chosen women as running mates. On Feb. 20 Prince George’s County Executive, and gubernatorial candidate, Rushern Baker announced that former Baltimore mayoral candidate Elizabeth Embry would be his running mate.“Jim understands that we made Larry Hogan,” said Scott reflecting on how he says the Democratic Party lost its way, in the state of Maryland and nationally. “We allowed our message to get stale; we did not focus on our core values and we were not inclusive of all people in our state,” Scott said.Scott said people across the state can relate to his upbringing in Park Heights, in Northwest Baltimore. “People of humble means will know they are part of this campaign,” Scott said.“The story that I have growing up as a poor young man in Baltimore City is no different than the poor young people who grew up in Suitland in Prince George’s County or in St. Mary’s County in Lexington Park.”“That story, my story, resonates throughout. No Marylander will ever be forgotten again under our leadership. We’re focused on the very things that everybody in Maryland cares about,” Scott said.Scott, currently the chair of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee, has never been shy about taking on city leadership and has vocally criticized Mayor Catherine E. Pugh’s violence reduction strategies. Now Scott says he is ready to campaign with a new vision for education, public safety and transportation for Maryland as part of the Shea/Scott gubernatorial ticket.“Wherever you are in the state folks understand that our education system used to be number one and we’re no longer that.” Scott said. “When you talk about transportation I think it’s clear that the current governor does not have a transportation plan that is going to take us forward,” he added.“We recognize that we have a violence problem not only in our city but around our state and an opioid problem that we have to deal with. Violence is a public health problem and we have to attack it as such.”Scott is hopeful his addition to Shea’s ticket will compel young people to take a serious look at the Shea/Scott candidacy. “When I first got elected to City Council, I was the only 20 something year old,” Scott said. “We have to bring in young people at all costs…going out, getting them involved,”
Judgment propagation down the chain. Observed intensity of social influence averaged over 20 experimental chains. The color coding indicates the influence of the originator’s judgment on the final estimates of all other individuals in the chain, as a function of their social distance from the originator (x axis) and the number of the round (y axis). Individuals located one degree of separation from the originator (i.e., social distance = 1) rapidly adopted the originator’s judgments (social influence approached 1 as early as round 2). Individuals located two degrees of separation from the originator were influenced by the originator after about 4 rounds of interaction. Participants located at a social distance greater than 3 were rarely influenced by the originator. Credit: arXiv:1704.01381 [physics.soc-ph] More information: Mehdi Moussaïd et al. Reach and speed of judgment propagation in the laboratory, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1611998114 , On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.01381AbstractIn recent years, a large body of research has demonstrated that judgments and behaviors can propagate from person to person. Phenomena as diverse as political mobilization, health practices, altruism, and emotional states exhibit similar dynamics of social contagion. The precise mechanisms of judgment propagation are not well understood, however, because it is difficult to control for confounding factors such as homophily or dynamic network structures. We introduce an experimental design that renders possible the stringent study of judgment propagation. In this design, experimental chains of individuals can revise their initial judgment in a visual perception task after observing a predecessor’s judgment. The positioning of a very good performer at the top of a chain created a performance gap, which triggered waves of judgment propagation down the chain. We evaluated the dynamics of judgment propagation experimentally. Despite strong social influence within pairs of individuals, the reach of judgment propagation across a chain rarely exceeded a social distance of three to four degrees of separation. Furthermore, computer simulations showed that the speed of judgment propagation decayed exponentially with the social distance from the source. We show that information distortion and the overweighting of other people’s errors are two individual-level mechanisms hindering judgment propagation at the scale of the chain. Our results contribute to the understanding of social-contagion processes, and our experimental method offers numerous new opportunities to study judgment propagation in the laboratory. It’s the thought that counts: The neuro-anatomical basis of forgiveness revealed (Phys.org)—Social contagion describes the propagation of beliefs, evaluations and attitudes through a network of people. It’s well understood that political beliefs, emotional attitudes and opinions are contagious within a network, but the precise mechanisms and dynamics are not well understood for two reasons: the complexity of network structures, and the behavioral processes that operate within the network. Explore further According to the three-degrees-of-influence hypothesis, judgement propagation is limited to a social distance of about three people—that is, an evaluative judgement typically will not spread beyond three degrees. Additionally, computer simulations demonstrate that the speed of judgement propagation decays exponentially with social distance from the source of the judgement. Researchers in Germany recently explored the mechanisms of evaluative judgement propagation through a social network. To determine the factors that influence or inhibit the transmission of a judgement, they designed a pair of experiments, and have reported their results in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.In the first experiment, they designed a visual perception task with three levels of difficulty, in which Subject A’s judgement and performance were repeatedly evaluated by Subject B. The researchers were interested in how repeated interactions between the subjects contributed to the contagion of a judgement.In the second experiment, they examined the collective dynamics of subjects with unidirectional chains of communication that extended to subjects C, D, E and F. All six participants repeatedly interacted with their predecessor, which allowed the researchers to gather data about reputation formation within a network and its resulting effect on the propagation of judgements.In accordance with the three-degrees hypothesis, the researchers found that judgements rarely propagated beyond three individuals; although they could spread farther, the time necessary to do so increased exponentially. Propagation over distances beyond three or four individuals required a consistently more accurate originator, absolutely error-free observation of others’ performance, and a network structure that remained static over several hundred interactions. These conditions are, needless to say, not easily replicated in the real world.The study found factors that impeded the propagation of judgements. Judgements become progressively more distorted over successive transmissions, even when individuals were able to observe the judgement and performance of another person. Judgements became less accurate, and thus less influential, the further they propagated from the source. Secondly, overweighting other people’s errors inhibited propagation. This is a common psychological phenomenon called “egocentric discounting,” well-known in literature. The problem arises because each performative error must be compensated with several good performances in order to restore reputation; this slows the transmission of judgement to the next subject. And for each step in the chain, the process repeats, leading to an exponential decay in transmission speed.The researchers suggest that further study could explore whether multiple sources of influence found in more complex networks could convey different judgements, thus contributing “noise” and impairing propagation; it is also possible that clustered networks with redundant ties could produce converging judgements along different pathways, providing social reinforcement to propagating judgements. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , arXiv This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Researchers test ‘social contagion’ in laboratory setting (2017, April 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-social-contagion-laboratory.html © 2017 Phys.org
Kolkata: The state Transport department will not allow setting up of motor training schools without proper infrastructure.Suvendu Adhikari, state Transport minister said on Monday that no driving school without proper infrastructure will be allowed. “The driving schools must have proper infrastructure and we are not going to allow those who will fail to meet out parameter,” he said.The Transport department will set up guidelines and the motor training schools have to follow them strictly. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSenior state government officials felt that for successful launching of the Safe Drive Save Life Programme, the quality of driving needs to be improved. As the state government does not have any training school, it has to depend on the private schools. Barring some, most of the private motor training schools do not have proper infrastructure.There are simulators in some motor training schools, where the trainees are given lessons and then they are asked to handle cars on the road. The simulators help them to develop the reflex and control over the steering wheels. Hence, when they actually drive a car, they do not face any problem. The trainees are given classes on the mechanism of the vehicle and the road signage. The classes are held for three weeks and this include driving the vehicle on the road. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIn most of the private driving schools, there are no theoretical classes and the students are not taught about the signage.A senior state government official said most of the trainees do not develop proper driving sense and once they get licence, they drive any sort of vehicle. The official said out of 10 cars that face accidents in Kolkata, six are driven by owner drivers.”It is unfortunate that most of the owner drivers cannot change the wheels and many of them cannot even open the bonnet,” the official said.The guideline will include training on proper driving techniques along with knowledge of the mechanical side and the signage.
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